Palm Sunday – Jesus’ Last Journey

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Having raised Lazarus, Jesus makes his way down the Mount of Olives entering Jerusalem on Sunday. We are told that the crowds wave palm branches and shout “Hosanna!” (Mark 11:9). This is rather odd because it is happening a week before Passover. In the Jewish tradition the waving of palm branches and the singing of Hosanna takes place during the autumn Festival of Booths (Sukkot), not the spring Festival of Passover. The book of Leviticus commands the children of Israel:

So beginning with the fifteenth day of the seventh month, after you have gathered the crops of the land, celebrate the festival to the Lord for seven days; the first day is a day of Sabbath rest, and the eighth day also is a day of Sabbath rest. On the first day you are to take branches from luxuriant trees—from palms, willows and other leafy trees—and rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. (Lev 23:39-40)

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The explanation for this apparent confusion might be found in the original meaning of the words found in the Gospels. Hosanna comes from the Hebrew “hoshia-na” meaning “save us, please” found in Psalm 118:25. The original name of Jesus in Hebrew, Yeshua, is built on the same root: to save. So the crowds have spontaneously devised a new ritual, welcoming the messianic savior to Jerusalem using a well-known phrase out of season. The waving of palm branches in April would have struck bystanders as very odd until they realized that Hosanna matches the name of Jesus perfectly. It would then be clear that indeed this is “the one who comes in the name of the Lord” (Ps 118:26).

About the author

Jonathan LipnickJonathan Lipnick believes that a truly comprehensive understanding of Scripture must be capable of penetrating beneath the printed words to reveal the authentic world of the Bible: the landscapes, smells and sounds of ancient Israel. He is the dean of the faculty of Holy Land Studies at Israel Institute of Biblical Studies, and is the author of the course "Exploring the Biblical Land of Israel"

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  1. David

    Or it could be that the Gospel writers deliberately, for theological or literary reasons, or mistakenly conflated two events in the life of Jesus or used Sukkot as the background for a little midrash on Jesus’ last days. Personally I find this a little more likely than wordplay on Jesus’ name which still leaves the use of palms unexplained. Of course a conservative view of scripture might not be able to really consider the presence of fiction or error.

  2. Tony

    The first thing that came to my mind is that Jesus was born during the Feast of Tabernacles (not during the feast of the saturnalia, Dec. 25). The fact they shouted Hosanna when Jesus entered Jerusalem was both a celebration of Yeshua and the perfect Tabernacle and the Savior. Just my thoughts,

  3. Antonella Radicioni

    I LIKE THIS BLOG

  4. Sarah

    I am happy to join your blog. God bless you

  5. Fred Aguelo

    Hi Prof Jonathan,

    The wordplay on hoshia-na and Yeshua is new to me but it fits right in with the story and was probably used by Yeshua to catch the attention of curiosiy seekers.

    Fred

  6. Tom

    The New Testament comes alive when read within its Jewish context. This is another example of how earthing the gospel in their original context lifts them out of the influence of folklore to a historically believable situation.

  7. James S

    Jonathan, I had wondered about the Palm Branches at Passover myself. I already knew of the Palm branches linked with Sukkot, and have heard that the branches of the trees around Jerusalem were only cut at Feast of Sukkot so they had enough branches to make the Sukkot. That would make the Palm branches at Passover a very extra-ordinary event, and shows the importance of Jesus entry into Jerusalem in the eyes of the people. Thanks for your post – it makes more sense to me now.

  8. Johannes Eloff

    Thank you for sharing the insight on the meaning of the word Hosanna. I find it so profound that the name of Yeshua is from the same root -meaning “to save ” !!!
    Shalom !

  9. Sarah Romain

    Amen! This is a wonderful perception and link to the waving of the Palms, shouting Hosanna for Yeshua and the meaning of his name. The linking truths are also very encouraging as the meanings that are revealed uphold each truth.
    Blessings through the Mighty Will of Our Father who Art in Heaven, Hallowed Be His Name!

  10. Kathy

    Sing Hosanna!

  11. Marcia New

    Thank you, Jonathan. This is quite interesting! I am looking forward to participating in your blog.

  12. Frosty Freeze

    May God continually Blessed you. Thank you for your faith and obedience to our Fathers promises.