Another year has flown by – another “strange” year, with many unexpected, and sometimes unthinkable things happening right before our eyes. This is the sixth time I am entering a New Year together with you – and for the sixth time, together with you, I am trying to unveil the future and to understand what this New Year might bring us.
My regular readers would know that I happen to believe that weekly Torah portions are divinely ordained, and that God speaks to His people – and to each one of us personally – through these Parashot Shavua. The Torah Portion for the last Shabbat of 2021 was Shemot, the first portion of the book of Exodus. Can you imagine? We have entered the book of Exodus – the book of His mighty hand and outstretched arm, the book of His signs and wonders, with all the glorious miracles and redemption – while entering a New Year of our lives. Of course, this has happened before, however, this transition between the years began to take on a greater significance for me when I realized that the last week of 2021 would be sealed by the second Torah portion of Exodus, Vaera that is read on January 1!
What can we say about Vaera? It comes after Moses’ bitter words to God: “since I came to Pharaoh to speak in Your name, he has done evil to this people; neither have You delivered Your people at all.” Of course, Moses doesn’t know what we the readers know: that only a few chapters later, victory will come! At this point, he is almost desperate – everything appears dark and hopeless and seems to be only getting worse.
And it is exactly at this point that Moses experiences the Second Revelation (after the first one, the Revelation at the Burning Bush): And God spoke to Moses and said to him: “I am the Lord. I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, as God Almighty, but by My name Lord I was not known to them.”
Let us contemplate this solemn revelation. These words refer both to the past and to the future and, as we find them at the very beginning of the new year, what do they mean to us? What do they mean at all? This statement seems to contradict the book of Genesis and everything we know about the patriarchs: according to Genesis, the patriarchs knew this name, because it occurs often there. The Hebrew linguists think that the statement, ‘the name YHWH was unknown till it was revealed to Moses,’ is disproved by names like Jochebed: if Jochebed was the mother of Moses, his grandparents had to know the name of YHWH, because they gave their daughter a name where the first component was Jah, a shortened form of YHWH. The same can be said about the parents of Joshua, they also gave their son a name with Yah as the first component.
However, if the linguistic proof is so obvious, why has Exodus 6:3 been interpreted as revealing the name YHWH for the first time? The explanation, as often happens, should be sought in Hebrew: most Christian students of the Bible fail to understand the meaning of the Hebrew verb “to know” (Yadah). When one thinks that Exodus 6:3 means that this name was not known before Moses, he doesn’t really understand this word. The idea of “knowing” in Biblical Hebrew is much more personal and intimate than our modern understanding of knowing. In the Hebrew Scriptures, “to know,” means not just to be intellectually informed, but to experience reality. Knowledge is not the possession of information – it is an experience! To “know God” in the Bible is not “to know about him” in some abstract and impersonal manner, not to grasp philosophically his eternal existence, but to recognize and experience His reality and to obey His will. When the phrase “to know the Lord” occurs in the Old Testament, it never means just knowing the name: “Now Samuel did not yet know the Lord, nor was the word of the Lord yet revealed to him”; “I will betroth you to Me in faithfulness, And you shall know the Lord.” These are just a couple of examples, but even from these examples, it is clear that these words imply a profound inner transformation. Why would it have been different when God revealed Himself to Moses in the midst of his trials and failures, in the darkest and seemingly hopeless times?
In this sense, we see a very clear connection between the verse we just quoted, where God reveals His name to Moses (Ex. 6:3), and verse 7 of the same chapter, where God continues to speak to Moses saying: “I will take you as My people, and I will be your God. Then you shall know that I am the Lord your God who brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.” Do you remember that even before this Second Revelation, Moses was supposed to tell the people of Israel the name of the Lord – this was a commission he received in Exodus 3, at the Burning Bush? However – pay close attention – God does not expect the Israelites to know Him and His name after Moses tells them this name, between Exodus 3 and Exodus 6. It is only after they experience the reality of the Exodus – the reality of His faithfulness, His compassion, and His power – that they will really know Him. No wonder, He “was not known” like this to the previous generations, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, because they had not experienced Him like this. According to Jewish tradition, the Patriarchs knew God and His name only in a limited way.
When we think of Moses, we usually think of the “Burning Bush” revelation – and understandably, we all want the “Burning Bush” in our lives. However, don’t we all need this Second Revelation as we learn to know God more deeply – especially in these confusing times? Rashi writes that at his initial revelation at the burning bush, Moses did not really comprehend the essence of God; but now, when God reveals Himself to Moses again, he acquires a new insight into the character of God. Now Moses begins to see God in a new light: as faithful, merciful, and compassionate. This is the Second Revelation – and the beginning of the Torah Portion Vaera.
Jewish tradition interprets the names Elohim and Adonai as the explanation of the two sides of the nature of God: His Justice and His mercy. This understanding of the different names of God explains also these two different accounts of creation – Genesis 1 and Genesis 2. The Midrash says that God originally created the world as Elohim (Genesis 1), but that afterward He is called Adonai Elohim (Genesis 2) because He saw that, without His mercy, His creation would not survive. I think we can all agree that humanity is at that point, where, without His mercy, it would definitely not survive. Isn’t it amazing that it is precisely with this Second Revelation that we are entering this New Year?
 See: H. Segal, The Pentateuch: Its Composition and Its Authorship and Other Biblical Studies (Jerusalem: Magnes Press, The Hebrew University, 1967), pp. 4-5.
 Please remember: we are talking about Biblical Hebrew; in Modern Hebrew, this verb more or less corresponds to a regular English “know”.
 1 Sam.3:7
I would like to remind you, dear friends, that eTeacher offers a wonderful course, where you can learn from Parashot Shavua commentaries along with their New Testament interpretation. As always, you are welcome to contact me for more information! Also, if you like the articles on this blog, you might enjoy also my books, you can get them here
HAPPY NEW YEAR, MY DEAR READERS! MAY IT BE A WONDERFUL YEAR FOR YOU AND YOUR LOVED ONES!
Join the conversation (15 comments)
Thank you Julia ,
Again as always you bring so much to light for so many of us and I believe that weekly Torah portions are divinely ordained and even more ;whenever I ask GOD to help me understand something HE often answers my question through something that you write .
Much in this portion is easy for me to understand because I have had many ” pharaohs” in my life . I often felt so inferior to everyone that I thought that GOD couldn’t possibly care about me and so I tried not to think about HIM . Later in life I took hold of my situation and grew stronger and I discovered that GOD and Jesus were always there helping me and guiding me .
Every day now I read the same passages of Scripture from three different Bibles . These three are the KJV , the Tanakh and my favourite which is The Complete Jewish Bible because it is easiest for me to understand .
May this new year bring the greatest opportunities for teaching and bring much love to everyone . May GOD bless you greatly Dear Teacher Julia !! .
Dear Gladys, I want to thank you for your unfailing interest and support. May 2022 be a wonderful and very blessed year for you and for your loved ones! Happy New Year!
Shalom Julia, I love reading your thoughts on the Bible! I have a question for you, and I am sorry I did not ask this when you were in Genesis, I hope you can shed some light on this passage. In Genesis 4: 23 – 24, some Jewish ancient interpreters say that Lamech killed Cain. Do you believe that? Most scholars do not, but I would like to hear your thoughts and insights on this hard poem. How did Cain die, or do we really know? This is important to me, so I pray that you have some time to share your thoughts, especially, if you have some scholarly material or mid rash to share. God bless,
Hi Michael, you are right, according to some Jewish commentators, Lamech killed Cain. For instance, here is what Rashi writes about Lamech: “For his wives separated from him because he had killed Cain and Tubal-Cain, his own son. Lamech was blind and Tubal-Cain used to lead him. The latter saw Cain and thought him to be an animal. He therefore told his father to draw the bow, and thus Lamech killed him. As soon as he learned that it was his forefather Cain, he smote his hands together, struck his son between them and so killed him too. His wives thereupon separated from him, and he endeavoured to appease them”.
Another wonderful post. Happy New Year!
Thank you so much, Jean! Happy New Year!
I love your insights here for our New Year Julia. What a severely testing time it was for Moses, and the people of Israel, but Moses’ faith grew so that, in Ex. 14:13, he was able to confidently say, “Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will shew to you today.”
I agree that humanity is coming to such a crucial point again, so our faith must be built on His promises, and those who believe must truly KNOW Him and the wonder of His Name, and also allow themselves to be known by Him, so that we never hear the words: “Depart From Me I NEVER KNEW YOU” (Mt. 7:22)
Thank you, Dot, yes, we all definitely need strong faith in these testing times. Happy New Year to you and your precious family!
What a wonderful revelation into the heart of God. Thank you for your wonderful posts. Happy New Year, Julia!
Thank you for your kind words, Carla! Happy New Year to you and your loved ones!
Dear Julia, this is indeed a wonderful portion of Scripture revealed to you by our Adonai Elohim. Maybe you should not consider that you, “happen to believe that weekly Torah portions are divinely ordained,” as, in His realm nothing “happens” by chance; He told you that these weekly devotions are “divinely ordained” and so they are. You need to take His Word for it. May the Lord bless and keep you in this coming year to do and say what He tells you.
Thank you for bringing His Word.
Thank you for your firm support, dear Schalk! May it be a wonderful year for you and your loved ones!
Immanence and transcendence of G-d? Beyond and within our world? YHVH and Elohim? All of this makes being a human so much more complex! Ineffable to the rational intellect, but we do draw near to it all our lives.
Thank you Julia for this past year! Happy New Year to you!
Thank you, Nick, for your faithful support over this past year ( and the years before), I so appreciate it! I wish you a wonderful year – full of peace and joy and His presence! Happy New Year!
Nombre del director de la creación YHVH (Yahvé). Nombre de los creadores de la vida, no del mundo Elohim significado “Los que vinieron del cielo” ( extraterrestres).