Jesus And His Strange Movements Around The Sea Of Galilee (john 6.16-23)

16 When evening came, his disciples went down to the sea, 17 got into a boat, and started across the sea to Capernaum.

Part of the problem is that we can only know with limited certainty where the miracle of feeding 5000 was performed. The most likely location is at the place where the travel of Jesus shown in color would have taken him from Jerusalem to the Sea of Galilee. He therefore, probably, performed the miracles of feeding of the large crowd not far from the southern shore of the lake (shown by the arrow).

It is not easy to track the movements of Jesus, disciples and the crowds in this intense story full of faith, actions, miracles and unexplained behavior and teachings. But if we walk slowly and carefully through the text, we should be able to trace with some clarity almost all the movements described here. So, let us begin. We begin (vs.16) with the place where the feeding of 5000 took place (probably the southern point of the sea of Galilee), when Jesus hid himself on the mountainside, disciples boarded the boat and began to make their short journey to the other side of the lake – the city of Kfar Nahum – literally the village of Nahum (we know it as Latinized Capernaum as it comes to us in the Gospel of John written in Greek).

 

It sounds strange that disciples left the place without waiting for Jesus long enough for the crowds to leave and him to return. It is likely that he gave instructions to his disciples to meet him in Capernaum, his northern headquarters, where Peter’s family had a large house. Jesus popularity there was so huge. We can see that even when he spoke to the worshipers and followers in the town’s synagogue about “drinking his blood and eating of his flesh,” he did not seem to have been hassled in any violent way. The story simply ends with the words “Jesus said these things in the synagogue, as he taught at Capernaum” (Jn.6.59).

17 It was now dark, and Jesus had not yet come to them.

Though this statement is somewhat strange, it is possible that Jesus agreement with the disciples was that he would come on a separate boat and will catch up to them mid-way through the lake. We find out from what unfolds that his disciples were up for a very big surprise.

18 The sea became rough because a strong wind was blowing.

The lake of Kinneret (Sea of Galilee) is situated between the mountains where during certain seasons a rather violent storm can occur easily overthrowing a small boat. This is true up until now. As a matter of fact I personally know someone who once fished there (he is not professional finisherman, but quite experienced nevertheless), when a storm like the one described in vs.18 and on occurred. Israeli urgent help cervices were called and the man was airlifted to safety. (He carefully checks the weather now, before going out to finish there again).

19 When they had rowed about three or four miles, they saw Jesus walking on the sea and coming near the boat, and they were frightened.

Just to give you some perspective, the pear-shaped lake is about 23 kilometers (14 miles) long from north to south, with a maximum width of 13 kilometers (8 miles) in the north, covering 166 square kilometers (64 square miles), so it is not all that large, but is nevertheless sizeable. We are told that the boat with the disciples had just made it to about 3-4 miles mark which is roughly a quarter of the entire distance. It was night and the lights of the coastal cities were still glimmering rather far. As was mentioned the reason for them leaving without Jesus is not clear, but to have a figure moving on the water was threatening.

20 But he said to them, “It is I; do not be afraid.” 21 Then they were glad to take him into the boat, and immediately the boat was at the land to which they were going.

Jesus’ did not make them wait and responded with the comforting assurance quickly. They were astounded and excited to see their rabbi exercising his lordship over the fiercest force of nature (water) by walking upon it with ease. But there was no time to think at all and a very curious thing happened. Although the distance was still sizable around 20 kilometers (or 10 miles) left to Kfar Nahum (Capernaum) the boat safely touched the stony beach. This may sound like an unconnected to anything incident, but we will be at theological fault no to know that the distance and time is under lordship of God himself and him only. He alone lives outside of time and outside of distance as such, being eternal and omnipresent. Therefore, this curious occurrence is actually very important because it shows that when the God-Man (Logos of God) Jesus is in the boat with the disciples, the boat is able to disappear at once place on the map and reaper in another. In the previous post we discussed another curiosity like that that makes a careful reader wonder. Jesus was in Jerusalem in John 5, but by the time he finishes his talk with hoi Ioudaioi by the very beginning of chapter 6 we find that he was already on one of the shores of Galilean Sea, ready to boat his boat and to cross over. John is full of Jesus’ miraculous activity, but he concentrates on the miracles activity that does not simply characterize him as a man of God, but as God himself, even though being also a real human being in every way, except sin.

22 On the next day the crowd that remained on the other side of the sea saw that there had been only one boat there, and that Jesus had not entered the boat with his disciples, but that his disciples had gone away alone.

The crowd wondered about what happened. Disciples could not have left Jesus on the shore behind. The crowd watched the place where he could have boarded another boat carefully. Jesus was not to be found anywhere after his escape to the mountains as he disappeared after a near crowning attempt of the misguided crowd to make him king. Disciples left without waiting for Jesus. Math simply did not work. Where was he? He is made of flesh and blood, he had to be somewhere. The crowds reasoned, perhaps, he went to Capernaum. How? They did not know.

23 Other boats from Tiberias came near the place where they had eaten the bread after the Lord had given thanks. 24 So when the crowd saw that Jesus was not there, nor his disciples, they themselves got into the boats and went to Capernaum, seeking Jesus.

Best we are able to see the chronology of the story. When the boats from neighboring Tiberias came to the southern point of the sea (the last place Jesus was seen – same place where Jesus fed the 5000), the crowds thought, “Jesus must have boarded the boat in Tiberias where his disciples must have gone too”. It was night, remember, the crowds could not see that disciples did not go NW towards Tiberias, but simply North toward Capernaum. Therefore, in vs. 24 we read that when the crowds figured out that neither Jesus, not disciples were in the boats that came from Tiberias, some of them got into those boats and set out North for Kfar Nahum (Capernaum) a known place of Jesus’ abode.  They wanted to see Jesus and nothing was going to stop them.

To receive more information about learning Biblical Languages with Hebrew University of Jerusalem/eTeacher Biblical program online at affordable cost, please, click here.

© By Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg, Ph.D.

To sign up for weekly posts by Dr. Eli, please, click here. It is recommend by Dr. Eli that you read everything from the begining in his study of John. You can do so by clicking here “Samaritan-Jewish Commentary”.

 

 

 

About the author

Dr. Eli Lizorkin-EyzenbergTo secure your spot in our new course “The Jewish Background of New Testament” - CLICK HERE NOW

You might also be interested in:

Three Plus Four: Leah

By Julia Blum

Three Plus Four: Rebecca

By Julia Blum

Join the conversation (38 comments)

Leave a Reply

  1. […] Hoi Ioudaioi who followed Jesus to Capernaum were from Nazareth, the village where Jesus’ family resided after returning […]

  2. David W

    Yes! God lives alone outside of time. Or perhaps He just travels through it really fast. Einstein probably didn’t realize that he partially confirmed the authenticity of the Bible when he discovered the theory of relativity which says that time is “flexible.” He showed that the speed that we pass through time changes when our relative speed (velocity) through space varies. For someone traveling away from the earth near the speed of light, time slows to a crawl, so that when he returns, ages have passed on earth; though only a short time for the traveller. Although this sounds crazy, it has been repeatedly verified by experiment – an accurate clock on a fast moving airplane slows down compared to a non-moving terrestrial clock.

    God invented light (and determined its speed), space, and therefore time.
    Genesis 1:3 And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light.
    Hebrews 11:3 Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear.

    While we are stuck traveling through time at a fixed speed, God exists in time from beginning to end.

    Psalms 90:4 For a thousand years in your sight are like a day that has just gone by, or like a watch in the night.

    Psalms 102:24-27 So I said: “Do not take me away, O my God, in the midst of my days; your years go on through all generations. In the beginning you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands. They will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment. Like clothing you will change them and they will be discarded. But you remain the same, and your years will never end.

    Psalms 90:2 Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the earth and the world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God.

    2 Timothy 1:9-10 [God] who has saved us and called us to a holy life – not because of anything we have done but because of his own purpose and grace. This grace was given us in Christ Jesus before the beginning of time, but it has now been revealed through the appearing of our Savior, Christ Jesus, who has destroyed death and has brought life and immortality to light through the gospel.

  3. Fred Aguelo

    In YESHUA’s ministry we see the spirit realm entwined with the physical realm. It is my personal experience that when I am sent to do G-d’s work (by His
    instruction) I witness His supernatural work through me. Whether by healing, by word of knowledge or wisdom, or any of the gifts. When I act in total surrender to His will, the supernatural happens & it gives G-d all the glory. I see the Word of His promise become reality!

    Fred

    1. Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg

      Fred, the thing about personal experience it is just that. It is hard to argue with it! Thanks for your comment and blessings to you! Dr. Eli

  4. Kat Hobaugh

    I have read professional opinions and experienced the importance of time perspectives to our psychological well-being. What I didn’t know was that the Bible has teachings on time. Rereading this has just helped me make the connection between what I had learned and the Bible. Its nice to see the finger of God in my well-being. Thanks

  5. gustavo vargas angel

    Ok, thank you again. Layla tov.

  6. gustavo vargas angel

    Dear Dr.: I really thank you the teachings provided in your blogs, but I have a question, may be born from my ignorance about language, or may be born from translation: Do you mean “sign” or “signal”, when for instance Marie Devine comment about the soldier? Perhaps I would use “signal” as an indicator of Jesus presence. Please, teach me again, about this point. Blessings for you.

    1. Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg

      I mean “sign”. A symbol that points us to something or in this case to someone.

  7. RamonAntonio

    My constant references to FRAMING our minds comes form an extraordinary book I just read: Extraordinary Beliefs by Peter Lamont. The author is a psychologist and a trained amateur magician, or as he refers to, a conjuror without the religious connotation. However, his book is a historical approach to how we “construct” whathever we believe in and thus, he posits that any opinion on the matter must be “FRAMED” within our personal absortion of prevailing creeds, morals, understandings and hence “beliefs”. Framing is then to position ourselves in a selected subset of whatever prevailing creeds we are aware of and thus become our core belief structure. Then, within this core belief structure, we state whether we believe or not in whatever.
    As I understand Dr. V, his question is… What do we believe in if we are discussing this as we are?