What Is The Morning Star In Revelation 2:26-29?

26 He who overcomes, and he who keeps My deeds until the end, to him I will give authority over the nations; 27 And he shell rule them with a rod of iron, as the vessels of the potter are broken to pieces, as I also have received authority from My Father…

In a continual series of promises (Rev. 2:7, 11, 17, 26; 3:5, 12, 21) to the one who overcomes, Jesus promises nothing less than authority of Israel’s king over the nations of the world promised in the Scriptures. The verse quoted above comes from Psalm 2:9 and as we see from vs. 28 it applies first and foremost to Jesus Christ Himself (See also Rev. 12:5; 19:15). Yet strikingly Christ promises to share his own crown rights with those who will keep his commandments (works) for as long as needed.  

28 and I will give him the morning star. 29 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.’

The text that is often quoted in connection with this is 2 Peter 1:19 reads as follows:

“Moreover, we possess the prophetic word as an altogether reliable thing. You do well if you pay attention to this as you would to a light shining in a murky place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts.”

But there seems to be little connection with it since here in Greek the word translated as “morning star” is φωσφόρος (phosphoros). The “morning star” in Rev. 2:28 is ἀστὴρ πρωϊνός (aster proinos), which faithfully reflects the meaning of the original. One other Jewish text may shed the light on this issue, however. When the Book of Sirach praises priest Simeon the Righteous, it describes him in very poetic fashion:

“How glorious was he when he looked forth from the Tent, and when he came out from the sanctuary! Like a morning-star (ἀστὴρ ἑωθινὸς) from between the clouds, and like the full moon on the feast-days; Like the sun shining upon the Temple of the Most High…” (Sirach 50:5-7)

Even though the second Greek word (ἑωθινὸς) is not exactly the same as in Rev.2:28 (πρωϊνός) it never the less is fully synonymous with it.

Therefore, the basic aspects of meaning of the concept of the morning star is glory. To receive or to be given the morning star should be understood as a promise of the glorious future, an affirmation of great good yet to come.

Jesus is promising to grant the gift of the morning star to the one who overcomes. In Rev. 22:16 Jesus states that He himself is “the bright morning star” (ὁ ἀστὴρ ὁ λαμπρὸς ὁ πρωϊνός). In short, to anyone with the ultimate faithfulness and perseverance of the overcomer Jesus promises to give a glorious future. They will share it with and in Christ Himself.

 

About the author

Dr. Eli Lizorkin-EyzenbergTo secure your spot in our new course “The Jewish Background of New Testament” - CLICK HERE NOW

You might also be interested in:

Abraham In Egypt (lech Lecha...

By Julia Blum

Lech Lecha – God’s...

By Julia Blum

Join the conversation (31 comments)

Leave a Reply

  1. spirit force..

    What a amazing creature we are..with chaos..earthquakes sicknesses..as we are now reaching to the stars..and healing the sick..maeybe we will understand..we are made of star matter.
    though more importantly..that which made the universes and cosmo
    is the spirit force..which is very much alive..this force which knows you personally..” Your thoughts..
    So within you..is the light of God..
    and if then the stars dance..before you….its the same as at which jesus taught..ask the tree or your dog..
    because god is in control..very much alive….
    and if jesus came ate dinner with you..you would know his voice..
    cuz were born again. and we are living in a river if living light..
    The cosmos..
    and the morning star..
    many just see the sun.
    though the sun of rightousness ..shines upon all..
    namaste
    oh and
    in the lords name..
    Have a great..day..

  2. yetilived

    I have since re- read this article as well as the hidden manna and white stone in a Hebrew time perspective. The reason the word “morning star” is Greek and the “white stone” is Hebrew is because “morning star” is a reference to “authority over the nations”. The white stone is a reference/ Revelation of Jesus.

  3. at

    Morningstar is my solar system

  4. yetilived

    I found the word אילת Psalm 22 ayeleth hashachar / morning star – answered prayers

    1. Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg

      This is from Hebrew wiki 🙂 Basically the first star of the morning.

      איילת השחר הוא ביטוי בעברית שמקורו מהתנ”ך ושפירושו כוכב המופיע זמן מועט לפני זריחת השמש. זמן הופעת הכוכב מסמן את “האור הראשון של הבוקר.

      1. yetilived

        My language is from Wikipedia lol, my heart is not.

        Exodus 16:7 and in the morning you will see the glory of the LORD, because he has heard your grumbling against him.

        Psalm 3:3But you, Lord, are a shield around me, my glory, the One who lifts my head high call out to the Lord, and he answers me from his holy mountain

  5. stewartinoz

    Shalom Dr Eli, I thought I would share with you another experience about the Morning Star. Some years ago I had to work on night shift which for me at least was a miserable experience. I was the supervisor for the packing section of the local milk processing company which was a difficult enough job during the day. If I sat down I would fall asleep but once I had got through the period between 2 and 4a.m. I would go outside and look for the Morning Star and the first tinge of red in the sky. This would mean I had almost survived the difficulties of the night and could look forward to the promises of the New Day.
    Best wishes,
    Stewart.

    Sent from my iPhone

    1. Sheila Dale

      Stewartinoz, thank you for these words of encouragement. God is so faithful!

  6. Pam D'Rozario (Bishop)

    The Morning star, planet Venus reflects the light of sun in darkness in the darkness of night which to us can represent the fear of the unknown.We see this more clearly in children, the sick and the elderly. Fear of the unknown is a very basic emotion. The Morning Star in earlier times was seen as heralding a new day. Jesus in the vision of John says that he is the bright morning star and that to one who conquers he will give the morning star. This passage refers to the Church in Thyatira which is involved in John’s idea of unacceptable activities by members of his flock. in this article as being both the Morning Star and offering the same possibility to others. So in a way is the Morning Star of God because he reflects the Glory of his Father, like Venus fully reflects the light of the Sun. Jesus has enabled the morning star to rise within him, through the guidance of his Father. If one is to walk this path Jesus known his own potential for darkness through his life experiences. Jesus is an exceptionally gifted human being who would have experienced many temptations to use his capabilities both appropriately and inappropriately. As he says this possibility is there for all but only if one lets the light of morning star(the light of God) see ones own darknesses and murky nature not just thought but our emotions of our darknesses. A long and difficult journey which we can neither manipulate or oversee. The mroning star begins to rise in one’s heart when God sees our readiness and we too then reflect the Glory of God. Jesus is the child of God who has through his own life has shown us the way to be a human being and to reflect the Glory of our Creator, the Uncreated. It is the invitation, the journey and the goal, that I think is the Bright Morning Star. Pam

  7. yetilived

    I read that the word morning star is in Psalm 22 in a footnote(?). I can’t read this but here is the word אילת, ayeleth

  8. Hira

    Satan was a evil creature from the beginning as our Lord Says in John 8:44-45 and Job 26:13 # note please read Job from the KJV as other bibles have altered the wording yes God has a special mission for satan the adversary and many other names that he is called by and he always Listens to His creator almighty God then when the almighty returns with His chosen few at the white thrown (second judgement) all of the rest of the human race and angelical s will be Judged in the Lake of Fire this is the second death Acts 17:31 so Brothers and Sisters there is hope for the lost and that is the Lake of Fire and our Lord says in Isaiah 26:9 the whole world will learn Blessings to you all

  9. Hira

    Hi Idala Isaiah 14:12 is not talking about satan go to verse 4 this is who God is talking about the king of babylon and verse 16 tell us that it is a man that God is talking about and not a spirit creature as satan is likewise in Isaiah 28:12 God is talking about the king of Tyrus idala you have to read the scriptures as our Lord says i will reveal it to babes thats us but to them our Lord says he will hide it may the Good Lord give you eyes to see Blessings to you

    1. Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg

      Yes, quite right, based on the context it is the ruler of Babylon.

  10. ryan71

    Duet. 18:10-12 right before the “You must be blameless before your Lord God.” clause!

  11. ryan71

    I really don’t like that section of Mathew. Mainly, because the book was one of the last Synoptic books and that section is only specific to Mathew. Add the fact that it was written in Antioch during a period of time when Astrology was quite “fashionable” leads me to the conclusion that it is a trendy story. Although, there was a interesting occultation of Jupiter in 6BCE that occurred in the constellation of Aries… problem with that event is that it took place during the daytime and you wouldn’t be able to observe it! That “star” would actually be Jupiter. The Magi would have known about this event as their tracking of the heavens was quite sophisticated at that point… but then a Jew wouldn’t have anything to do with these types of signs as it was forbidden in the Old Testament… can’t remember were off the top of my head.

  12. Steve Neely

    thank you for your insight.

    1. Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg

      Always welcome, Steve.

  13. Idala

    Isaiah14:12
    “The Latin Vulgate translates,Lucifer.This refers to Satan,who,as the Daystar,son of the dawn,was one of the earliest angels(the sons of God-Job38:7,cf.Job1:6)created by God at the “dawn “of the universe.He was appointed by God to be the head of all the angels(Ezek.28:14;Jude9)and later became Satan, the adversary of God,after he rebelled against God.Because of his rebellion,Lucifer as Satan was judged by God(Isa.14:12-15;Ezek.28:16-19;Luck10:18).”
    “In verse 28 the Lord gives a promise to the overcomer, saying, “I will give him the morning star.” At Christ’s first appearing, the wise men, not the Jewish religionists, saw His star (Matt. 2:2, 9-10). At His second appearing, He will be the morning star to His overcomers who watch for His coming. To all the others, He will appear only as the sun (Mal. 4:2).”

    1. Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg

      Nice, feedback and references, thank you, Idala.

  14. ryan71

    Dr. Eli-
    I think we are actually agreeing here. You state that “.. should be understood as a promise of the glorious future, an affirmation of great good yet to come.” How is that ‘promise’ any different of the promise of life after death, through Christ? 🙂

    We also need to remember that these letters to the 7 Churches of Asia are meant to offset the megalomaniac, Dominican, the Emperor of Rome. “Don’t fall back on the old ways” because your fellow Christians are being martyred. Remember this is the guy that the troops didn’t like, was assassinated by court officials and had the Senate decree Dominican’s memory ‘condemned to oblivion’. Not a very likeable fellow.

  15. Hira

    Hi Guys in my studies Lucifer in Isaiah 14:12 should never have been there if we go to verse 4 we see to whom God is talkingabout king of Babylon and not Lucifer and i believe this Lucifer in this verse is a christian Hoax

    1. Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg

      Yes, Hira, the Latin word should logically not be in Isaiah, it is translators exegesis to lead the reader to make the assumption that personality in Is 14 is Satan. Research the word φωσφόρος (phosphoros) which means the same in Greek and you might find more on the topic.

  16. ryan71

    Let me correct that… evening to morning star occurs before it passes behind the sun.

  17. ryan71

    The Morning Star refers to the full cycle of Venus (and technically Mercury). Venus goes through a cycle of first being on the left side of the sun (evening start -dim since it is close to the sun), grows brighter as it moves away from the sunshine until it crosses the earth point of view and the sun again, here it disappears, and then starts becoming the morning star on the right side of the sun full bright and then dims as it moves back towards the sun. Technically it disappears again behind the sun altogether and reappears as the evening star again.
    You also should know that Venus is also the third brightest object in our sky- Sun and moon. Yes the Morning Star is know as the “light bringer” aka Lucifer.
    Most ancient belief systems follow Venus and apply it to birth, death, rebirth cycle.

    So applying this to Rev we can see how Jesus is saying is the reborn and so we will also be reborn… those that have an ear and hear. These passages all clearly show a message of rebirth.

    1. Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg

      Naturally, I heard this before :-), but I disagree that this is what is meant here. Thanks for taking part in our studies, Ryan. Eli

  18. yetilived

    The word morning star in Isaiah 14:12 was not translated as Lucifer in torah or the tanakh :)This leads me to believe that the antichrist in 1 John is different than typically understood. I agree with the definition of morning star meaning glory, but I am not sure how Jesus coming in the flesh connects unless WE are the flesh he comes into. I called my two-fold revelation of Christ my “prayers” for many years. My question would be “: are there any Psalms that unfold this revelation in greater detail?”

    1. Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg

      I am afraid that what I have suggest is the only thing I know at the moment that provide the context for Jesus’ reference to the assemblies he addressed in his letter. Let’s keep thinking together on this. Eli

  19. mkchristMichael

    Lucifer was transliterated from “son of the morning” in Isa 14:12 in the Latin Vulgate version of the Bible.

    1. Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg

      Yes :-).

  20. moebiusdubery

    Morning Star is now Venus but in the past it was Lucifer as far as I have learned.

  21. Gaius

    The idea is within context. OK.